|OTHER ORGANISMS FOR FLY CONTROL
|fly eggs, small larvae in manure pits in chicken house
|Please call for info
set on manure piles to attract and keep hister beetles
|for collecting and moving predatory beetles when cleaning out manure, or setting up new house
Please call for info
hydrotaea aenescens predatory fly, pupa, adults don't bother animals
|fly larvae in wet manure away from light, larvae feed on house fly larvae
10/ 1K ft2
|Please call for info
Predators of Fly Eggs and Fly Larvae in Manure
Hister beetles (Carcinops pumilio) are minute beetles that feed on fly eggs and small larvae. So small that a teaspoon holds 1,250 beetles, they build up to effectively control fly populations. Use in combination with fly parasites, fly traps and manure management for an integrated program.
Hister beetle adults destroy an average of 54 housefly immatures per day at 80º F. The larvae are also predaceous and highly aggressive. Since they attack the early fly stages, release fly parasites to attack the flies that make it to the pupal stage.
Introduce Hister beetles into a poultry house when manure starts to cone about 3 weeks after introduction of chickens. Houses that have been completely cleaned out and disinfected often need to be recolonized with Hister beetles. Hister densities as high as 250 beetles per quart of manure and 12 beetles per square inch of manure have been seen.
Plan Orders for Biocontrol Supplies Including Hister Beetles and Hister Houses™ Prior to Manure Clean-Out
TEN THOUSAND PER PIT
An inoculation of 10,000 hister beetles is an effective way to assure colonization. Release beetles in small clumps onto every manure pile; they do not travel easily between piles.
MANURE OUGHT TO BE AT LEAST 3 WEEKS OLD, NOT TOO WET
The beetles need habitat that has dryness, moisture and food.
OUR BEETLES ARE READY TO LAY EGGS
and t he hatching larvae will start consuming fly eggs immediately. The second generation of adult beetles will show up in 4 to 6 weeks after initial beetle introduction at 80ºF. The beetle populations will grow very slowly at 60º F.
We do not advise capturing and moving beetles from poultry houses known to harbor Salmonella. Lab-reared beetles are produced where there are no birds to spread acteria. Our beetle producer is periodically tested for evidence of Salmonella.
A Hister Beetle with a fly egg in its mandibles.
DON'T CONFUSE HISTER BEETLES WITH LITTER BEETLES
Hister beetles are much smaller than litter beetles, i.e. darkling beetles and lesser mealworms. Hister beetles are shiny black beetles that are slightly longer than 1/16 inch. When you normally see them, they will have their legs and head tucked in under their bodies. Litter beetles are brown and more than 1/4 inch long and destroy insulation and structures. Hister beetles do NOT harm insulation or structures.
TRAP AND STORE BEETLES IN HISTER HOUSES™
Collect beetles from manure accumulations prior to clean-out, and store beetles until a new manure pile has started to accumulate. Beetles will store two weeks at 50º F.
USE 100 TO 300 HISTER HOUSES™ per manure pit to collect homegrown beetles from manure prior to clean-out and store them until a new house is running.
JUST ADD WATER
The Hister House™ is constructed to attract and trap Hister Beetles. The trap is a small box with bait that is activated by adding water. Beetles enter the trap through a screen that has openings that are too small for the litter beetle to push through but large enough for the Hister Beetle.
TRAP 200 TO 600 BEETLES PER TRAP
Up to 2000 hister beetles have been caught in the Hister House™ over a 24 hour period. Yields for transfer range from 20,000 to 180,000 beetles. When there are few beetles, the Hister House™ will catch less than a hundred beetles. We recommend that traps not be used when there are less than 20 beetles per square foot.
Hister House is a trademark owned by IPM Laboratories, Inc. @1999 IPM Laboratories, Inc., Locke, NY, United States Patent Number 5,930,945
The Hister House was initially developed under USDA SBIR award #95-33610-148